Crown Princess Victoria
Crown Princess of Sweden and Duchess of Västergotland

Crown Princess Victoria.jpg
Crown Princess of Sweden
Reign 1 January 1980 - present (37 years)
Spouse Prince Daniel, Duke of Västergötland (m. 2010)
Princess Estelle, Duchess of Östergötland
Prince Oscar, Duke of Skåne
Full name
Victoria Ingrid Alice Desiree
House House of Bernadotte
Father Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden
Mother Queen Silvia of Sweden
Born 14 July 1977 (1977-07-14) (age 41)
Kärolinska University Hospital, Solna, Sweden
Religion Church of Sweden
Crown Princess Victoria of Sweden, Duchess of Västergotland (Victoria Ingrid Alice Desiree born 14 July 1977) is the heir apparent to the throne of Sweden as the daughter of King Carl XVI Gustaf.

Early Life Edit

Crown Princess Victoria was born on 14 July 1977 at 21:45 at Karolinska University Hospital in Solna, Sweden. She is the oldest child of King Carl XVI Gustaf and Queen Silvia. She is a member of the Royal House of Bernadotte. Born as a Princess of Sweden, she was designated Crown Princess in 1979 (SFS 1979:932) ahead of her younger brother. Her place as first in the line of succession formally went into effect on 1 January 1980 with the parliamentary change to the Act of Succession that introduced absolute primogeniture.

Her given names are in honour various relatives. Her first name is after her great-great-grandmother, Victoria of Baden, the queen-consort of Sweden as wife of King Gustaf V, and her great-great-great-grandmother Victoria, queen of the United Kingdom (the Queen's granddaughter, Margaret of Connaught, Crown Princess of Sweden, was Victoria's great-grandmother). Her other names honour her great-aunt Ingrid of Denmark; her maternal grandmother, the Brazilian Alice Sommerlath (born Alice Soares de Toledo); and her ancestor Désirée Clary, the queen-consort of Charles XIV John and a former fiancée of Napoleon I of France as well as her paternal aunt and godmother, Princess Désirée.

She was christened in the Royal Chapel on 27 September 1977. Four godparents were appointed were; Crown Prince Harald of Norway; Mr Ralf Sommerlath (her maternal uncle), Princess Beatrix of the Netherlands (later queen of the Netherlands, and her aunt Princess Désirée, Baroness Silfverschiöld.

The Crown Princess was confirmed in the summer of 1992 at Räpplinge church on the island of Öland.

Education Edit

The Crown Princess attended Västerled parish pre-school from 1982-84. In autumn 1984 she started school at Smedslättsskolan in Bromma, where she completed her junior level.

She completed her intermediate level at Ålstenskolan in Bromma and went on to pursue senior studies, following a Science and Social Studies programme at Enskilda Gymnasiet upper secondary school in Stockholm and graduated in June 1996.

She spent her summer holidays gaining additional foreign language experience with trips to countries such as Germany and the United States.

She speaks Swedish, English, French and German

Continued studies Edit

During the 1996-97 academic year, The Crown Princess studied French at the Centre International D'Études Françaises at the Université Catholique de L'Ouest in Angers, France.

In autumn 1997, The Crown Princess followed a specially designed programme in order to gain a general insight into the workings of the Riksdag (the Swedish Parliament) and the Swedish Government

United Nations experience Edit

In the spring of 1998, Crown Princess Victoria began academic studies in Political Science and History at Yale University in the United States. In conjunction with her stay The Crown Princess completed two periods of work experience at the United Nations in New York (June and September 2002) as well as one at the Swedish Embassy in Washington DC in May 1999. In autumn 2000 The Crown Princess completed studies in conflict resolution and international peace-building.

In spring 2001 The Crown Princess studied the Swedish Presidency of the EU.

Swedish Government Offices Edit

In autumn 2001, The Crown Princess followed a study programme at the offices of the Swedish Government. During this time she visited the 'Swedish Style' exhibition in Tokyo and the west coast of the USA in connection with the Nobel Jubilee. In spring 2002, The Crown Princess completed a study programme at SIDA, the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, and spent time in countries such as Uganda and Ethiopia.

During this time she also continued with her official engagements. In autumn 2002 she completed an internship with the Swedish Trade Council in Berlin and Paris.

Social Science studies Edit

During the autumn 2005 The Crown Princess spent a month in China where she followed the work of the Swedish Embassy as well as traveled in order to gain insights in the Chinese community.

The Crown Princess also continued her studies on Social Science in 2005.

Public life Edit

Victoria's declaration of majority took place in the Hall of State at the Royal Palace of Stockholm on 14 July 1995. As of the day she turned 18, she became eligible to act as Head of State when the King is not in country. Victoria made her first public speech on this occasion. Located on the dais in the background was the same silver throne on which her father was seated at his enthronement, in actual use from 1650 and up until this ceremony.

As heir apparent to the throne, Victoria is a working member of the Swedish Royal Family with her own agenda of official engagements. Victoria attends the regular Advisory Council on Foreign Affairs and the information councils with Government ministers headed by the King, and steps in as a temporary regent (Riksföreståndare) when needed.

Victoria has made many official trips abroad as a representative of Sweden. Her first major official visit on her own was to Japan in 2001, where she promoted Swedish tourism, design, music, gastronomy and environmental sustainability during the "Swedish Style" event. That same year, Victoria also travelled to the West Coast of the United States, where she participated in the celebrations of the Nobel centenary.

In 2002, she paid official visits to United States, Spain, Uganda, Ethiopia, and Kosovo where she visited Camp Victoria. In 2003, she made official visits to Egypt and the United States. In early 2004, she paid an official visit to Saudi Arabia, as a part of a large official business delegation from Sweden, and in October 2004, she travelled to Hungary.

Crown Princess Victoria was given her own household in October 2004. It is headed by the Marshal of the Court, and serves to coordinate the official engagements of The Crown Princess.

In January 2005, Victoria made a long official visit to Australia, promoting Swedish Style and businesses, and in April she visited Bangladeshand Sri Lanka to follow aid work and become informed about the work in the aftermath of the tsunami. In April 2005, Victoria made an official visit to Japan where she visited the Expo 2005 in Aichi, laid the foundation for a new IKEA store in Yokohama together with Princess Takamado and met with Emperor Akihito, Empress Michiko, Crown Prince Naruhito and Sayako Kuroda. In June 2005, Victoria travelled to Turkey on an official visit where she participated in the Swedish Business Seminar and Sweden Day celebrations in Ankara during a historic visit, which was organised by the Swedish Embassy in Ankara and Swedish Trade Council in Istanbul. Victoria also visited the historic sights such as the Blue Mosque, Topkapı Palace and Hagia Sophia. This was the first official Royal visit from Sweden to Turkey since 1934. In September 2005, she made an official visit to China.

In March 2006, Victoria made an official visit to Brazil where she followed the Volvo Ocean Race and visited projects supported by the World Childhood Foundation, such as the Abrigo Rainha Sílvia. In December, she paid a four-day official visit to Paris where she attended a French-Swedish soirée arranged by the Swedish Chamber of Commerce, the Swedish Trade Council and the Swedish Embassy, during which she also awarded the Prix d’Excellence 2006. The visit to Paris also included events with the Swedish Club in Paris, attendance at a church service in the Sofia Church (the Swedish church in Paris), a study visit to the OECD headquarters and meetings with the Secretary-General José Ángel Gurría, the Swedish Ambassador to the OECD, Gun-Britt Andersson, and other senior officials. She also attended a gala dinner hosted by La Fondation Pour L’Enfance at Versailles.

She is a member of the Honorary Board of the International Paralympic Committee.

In 2011, it was announced that Victoria would continue working throughout her pregnancy. In 2012, she took her maternity leave one day prior to the birth of her daughter Estelle and her husband Daniel revealed that he would take his paternity leave and switch parental roles with Victoria when Estelle began preschool.

The Crown Princess's Fund Edit

The Crown Princess Victoria's Fund was set up in 1997 and is run as a part of Radiohjälpen, the fundraising branch of Sveriges Television and Sveriges Radio. The fund’s aim is to provide support for leisure and recreational activities for children and young people with functional disabilities or chronic illnesses. Applications can be addressed to the fund year round and the use of grants can cover everything from compensations to assistants at recreational trips to leisure activities such as horseback riding, skiing, wheelchair floorball, camps and outings.

Every summer, Sveriges Television carries out fundraising drives for the fund via messages on television, these are especially concentrated around the Swedish national holiday on 6 June and the Crown Princess's birthday, Victoriadagen, on 14 July. On the Crown Princess's birthday, when a long televised entertainment program is aired from Borgholm where the people and the Royal Family celebrate Victoria, the public is also able to call in and donate money at the same time as they compete for prizes.

The Crown Princess Victoria Fund’s means mainly derive from donations by the public, but large companies such as Arla Foods, Swedbank and AB Svenska Returpack are constant sponsor partners. Additional support comes from The Association of Swedish Bakers & Confectioners who every year arrange a national “princess cake week” during which the participating cafés and bakeries give 2,50 SEK per sold princess pastry and 10 SEK per sold princess cake to the fund. The result of this fund-raising drive is usually presented to Victoria herself on her name day on 12 March every year; in 2007, the total amount was 200,000 SEK. Congratulatory and memorial cards are also issued by Radiohjälpen benefiting the fund, a simple way to pay respects and do a good deed in one act. In 2006, The Crown Princess Victoria Fund raised a total of 5,5 million SEK.

Every year Victoria visits one or several clubs or projects that have been granted money. These visits are not announced via the official royal diary but kept private, instead Sveriges Television often accompanies her and airs short programs from these visits at some time during the year.

Personal Life Edit

Engagement and Marriage Edit

On 24 February 2009, rumors that wedding plans were imminent became particularly intense preceding an information council between the King and Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt. Under the terms of the Swedish Act of Succession, the Government, upon the request of the King, gives the final consent for a dynastic marriage of a Prince or Princess of Sweden. The prince or princess otherwise loses their right to the throne. Later that day, it was confirmed that permission had been granted and that Victoria would marry Daniel Westling in the summer of 2010. The wedding date was set in Stockholm Cathedral for 19 June 2010, the 34th anniversary of her parents' marriage. Her engagement ring features a solitaire round brilliant-cut diamond mounted on white gold.

The wedding took place on 19 June 2010. More than 1200 guests] including royalty and ambassadors from various countries were invited to the wedding ceremony which took place at Stockholm Cathedral. After the wedding the newlyweds were driven through Stockholm in a coach and then rowed in the antique royal barge Vasaorden to the royal palace where the wedding banquet was held. On the evening before the wedding, there was a gala concert dedicated to the couple in the Stockholm Concert Hall.

Children Edit

The Crown Princess and her husband, Prince Daniel have two children:

On 17 August 2011, the Swedish royal court announced that Crown Princess Victoria was pregnant and expecting the couple's first child in March 2012. On 23 February 2012 at 04:26 CET, Victoria gave birth to a daughter at Karolinska University Hospital. Princess Estelle is second-in-line to the Swedish throne.

On 4 September 2015, the royal court announced that Crown Princess Victoria was expecting her second child in March 2016. On 2 March 2016, Crown Princess Victoria gave birth to a son.

Godchildren Edit

The Crown Princess has 18 godchildren:

  • Vivien Sommerlath (daughter of Jörg and Simone Sommerlath; born 1992)
  • Giulia Sommerlath (daughter of Thomas and Susanne Sommerlath; born 1995)
  • Prince Constantine Alexios of Greece and Denmark (son of Crown Prince Pavlos and Crown Princess Marie-Chantal of Greece; born 28 October 1998)
  • Baroness Madeleine von Dincklage (daughter of Baron Cornelius and Baroness Sybilla von Dincklage; born 15 March 1999)
  • Leopold Lundén Sommerlath (son of her cousin, Patrick Sommerlath and Camilla Lundén; born 2002)
  • Baron Ian de Geer (son of Baroness Kristina-Louisa Silfverschiöld and Baron Hans de Geer; born 20 February 2002)
  • Catharina-Amalia, Princess of Orange (daughter of the King and Queen of the Netherlands; born 7 December 2003)
  • Ian Persson (son of her friend Leonie Persson)
  • Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway (daughter of the Crown Prince and Crown Princess of Norway;born 21 January 2004)
  • Prince Christian of Denmark (son of the Crown Prince and Crown Princess of Denmark; born 15 October 2005)
  • Willem Dinkelspiel (son of her friends, Caroline and Peder Dinkelspiel)
  • Diana Agnes Astrid Engsäll (daughter of her friend, Andrea Engsäll)
  • Isabella Chloé Nilsso (daughter of Caroline Kreuger and Jesper Nilsson)
  • Princess Eléonore of Belgium (daughter of the King and Queen of Belgium; born 16 April 2008)
  • Princess Leonore, Duchess of Gotland (daughter of her sister, Princess Madeleine; born 20 February 2014)
  • Princess Katharina of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (daughter of her cousin, Hubertus, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; born 30 April 2014)
  • Desirée Elfrida Christina Magnuson (daughter of Gustaf and Vicky Magnuson; born 11 July 2014)