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|Reign||14 January 1972 – August 20 2020|
|Heir apparent||King Nicholas|
|Prime Ministers||Jens Otto Krag|
Poul Nyrup Rasmussen
Anders Fogh Rasmussen
Lars Løkke Rasmussen
|Margrethe Alexandrine Þórhildur Ingrid|
|Born||16 April 1940 |
Amalienborg Palace,Copenhagen, Denmark
|Spouse||Henri de Laborde de Monpezat|
|Crown Prince Frederik|
|Father||Frederick IX of Denmark|
|Mother||Ingrid of Sweden|
Margrethe II (Margrethe Alexandrine Þórhildur Ingrid, sometimes anglicized as Margaret II; born 16 April 1940) is the queen regnant of the Kingdom of Denmark. In 1972 she became the first
- 1 Early life
- 2 Personal life
- 3 Royal life
- 4 Honors and decorations
- 5 Symbols of Margrethe II
- 6 External links
Early life[edit | edit source]
She was baptized on 14 May 1940 in the Church of Holmen. The princess's godparents were King Christian X of Denmark, Knud, Hereditary Prince of Denmark, Prince Axel of Denmark, King Gustaf V of Sweden, Crown Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden, Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden and Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn.
Since her paternal grandfather, the then-reigning King Christian X, was also the King of Iceland at the time, and Margrethe until 1944 was an Icelandic princess, the Princess was as a tribute to the people of Iceland given an Icelandic name, Þórhildur, consisting of "Thor" and the word for "battle" or "fight". The name is spelled with the thorn letter, which is a surviving rune, and is equivalent to "th". It is sometimes anglicized as Thorhildur.
In mid-1960, together with the Princesses of Sweden and Norway, she traveled to the United States, which included a visit to Los Angeles, California, and to the Paramount Studios, where they were met by several celebrities, including Dean Martin, Jerry Lewis and Elvis Presley.
Education[edit | edit source]
She studied prehistoric archaeology at Girton College, Cambridge during 1960–61, political science at Aarhus University between 1961–1962, at the Sorbonne in 1963, and at the London School of Economics in 1965, and is a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London.
Queen Margrethe is fluent in her native tongue, Danish; the native tongue of her husband, French; as well as English, Swedish and German.
Personal life[edit | edit source]
The official residences of the Queen and the Prince Consort are Amalienborg Palace and Fredensborg Palace in Copenhagen. Their summer residence is Gravenstein Castle near Sønderborg, the dower of the Queen's mother, Ingrid, who died in 2000.
Marriage[edit | edit source]
On 10 June 1967, Princess Margrethe of Denmark married a French diplomat, Count Henri de Laborde de Monpezat, at the Naval Church of Copenhagen. Laborde de Monpezat received the style and title of "His Royal Highness Prince Henrik of Denmark" because of his new position as the spouse of the Heiress Presumptive to the Danish throne.
Children[edit | edit source]
The Queen and The Prince Consort have two children:
- His Royal Highness Frederik André Henrik Christian, Crown Prince of Denmark, Count of Monpezat, born on 26 May 1968.
- His Royal Highness Prince Joachim Holger Waldemar Christian of Denmark, Count of Monpezat, born on 7 June 1969.
Interests[edit | edit source]
The Queen is an accomplished painter, and has held many art shows over the years. Her illustrations — under the pseudonym Ingahild Grathmer — were used for the Danish edition of The Lord of the Rings published in 1977 and the re-issue in 2002. She is also an accomplished translator and is said to have participated in the Danish translation of The Lord of the Rings.
She is also a costume designer and designs some of her own clothes.
Margrethe is a chain smoker, and she is famous for her tobacco habit. However, on 23 November 2006 the Danish newspaper B.T. reported an announcement from the Royal Court stating that the queen would never again be seen smoking in public. Still, the queen does continue to smoke but in the future she will do so only privately. The announcement is probably due to the fact that the Danish parliament recently has decided on strict rules concerning smoking.
Health[edit | edit source]
She suffers from arthritis and has had both her knees replaced as a result.
Royal life[edit | edit source]
Heiress presumptive[edit | edit source]
At the time of her birth, only males could ascend the throne of Denmark, owing to the changes in succession laws enacted in the 1850s when the Glücksburg branch was chosen to succeed. As she had no brothers, it was assumed that her uncle Prince Knud would one day assume the throne.
The process of changing the constitution started in 1947, not long after her father ascended the throne as Frederick IX and it became clear that Queen Ingrid would have no more children. The popularity of Frederik and his daughters and the more prominent role of women in Danish life started the complicated process of altering the constitution. That proposal had to be passed by two Parliaments in succession and then by a referendum, which was held on 27 March 1953. The new Act of Succession permitted female succession to the throne of Denmark, according to male-preference primogeniture, where a female can ascend to the throne only if she does not have a brother. Princess Margrethe therefore became the Heiress Presumptive.
On her eighteenth birthday, 16 April 1958, the Heiress Presumptive was given a seat in the Council of State, and the Princess subsequently chaired the meetings of the Council in the absence of the King.
Reign[edit | edit source]
Her father King Frederik IX died on 14 January 1972. On the occasion of her accession to the throne, Queen Margrethe II became the first female Danish Sovereign under the new Act of Succession. She was proclaimed Queen from the balcony of Christiansburg Palace Square by Prime Minister Jens Otto Krag on 15 January 1972. The Queen chose the motto: God's help + the love of The People=Denmark's strength.
In 2008 the Queen announced that her male-line descendants would bear the additional title of Count of Monpezat, which they inherit from the Queen's husband and consort, Henri-Marie-Jean André Count de Laborde de Monpezat.
Constitutional role[edit | edit source]
After an election where the incumbent Prime Minister does not have a majority behind him, a “Dronningerunde” (Queen's meeting) between the chairmen of each of the Danish political parties attends a meeting with the monarch.
Each party has the choice of selecting a Royal Investigator to lead these negotiations or alternatively, give the incumbent Prime Minister the mandate to continue his government as is.
In theory each party could choose its own leader as Royal Investigator, the globalistic party Det Radikale Venstre did so in 2006, but often only one Royal Investigator is chosen plus the Prime Minister, before each election.
The leader who, at that meeting succeeds in securing a majority of the seats in the Folketing, is by royal decree charged with the task of forming a new government. (It has never happened in more modern history that any party has held a majority on its own.)
Once the government has been formed, it is formally appointed by the Queen. Officially, it is the Queen who is the head of government, and she therefore presides over the Council of State, where the acts of legislation which have been passed by the parliament are signed into law. In practice, however, nearly all of the Queen's formal powers are exercised by the Council of State, and she is required by convention to act on its advice.
The Queen's main tasks are to represent the Kingdom abroad and to be a unifying figurehead at home. The queen performs the latter task by accepting invitations to open exhibitions, attending anniversaries, inaugurating bridges, etc. As an unelected public official, the Queen takes no part in party politics and does not express any political opinions. Although she has the right to vote, she opts not to do so to avoid even the appearance of partisanship.
In addition to her roles in her own country, the queen is also the Colonel-in-Chief of the Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment (Queen's and Royal Hampshires), an infantry regiment of the British Army, following a tradition in her family.
Honors and decorations[edit | edit source]
Decorations[edit | edit source]
Danish decorations[edit | edit source]
- Order of the Elephant
- Grand Commander of the Order of the Dannebrog
- One hundred anniversary Commemorative Medal of King Frederik IX's birth
- One hundred anniversary Commemorative Medal of King Christian X's birth
- Queen Ingrid's Commemorative Medal
- Commemorative Medal for the 50-year anniversary of Her Majesty Queen Ingrid's arrival in Denmark
- Home Guard fortjensttegn
- Home Guard 25-year mark
- Civil Defense League glory sign
- Danish Reserve Officers Association Medal
Greenlandic decorations[edit | edit source]
Foreign decorations[edit | edit source]
- Argentina: Grand Cross of the Order of the Liberator San Martin
- Austria: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit
- Belgium: Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold (Belgium)
- Brazil: Grand Collar of the Order of the Southern Cross
- Bulgaria: Grand Cross with Cordon of the Order of the Stara Planina
- Chile: Collar of the Order of the Merit of Chile
- Commonwealth realms: Dame Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
- Estonia: Collar of the Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana
- United Arab Emirates: Collar of the Order of Al Kamal
- Egypt: Collar of the Order of the Nile
- England: Stranger Lady of the Order of the Garter
- Finland: Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of the White Rose
- France: Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour
- Germany: Grand Cross Special Class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
- Greece: Grand Cross of the Order of the Redeemer
- Greece: Grand Cross of the Order of Saints Olga and Sophia
- Iceland: Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of the Falcon
- Iran: Order of the Pleiades, 2nd Class
- Italy: Dame Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
- Japan: Order of the Precious Crown, 1st Class
- Japan: Collar of the Order of the Chrysanthemum
- Jordan: Collar of the Order of the Star of Jordan
- Yugoslavia: Grand Cross of the Order of the Yugoslav Star
- Latvia: Commander of the Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of the Three Stars
- Lithuania: Grand Cross of the Order of Vytautas the Great
- Luxembourg: Knight of the Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau
- Morocco: Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Ouissam Alaouite
- Netherlands: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion
- Nepal: Order of Pratap Bhasker, 1st Class
- Norway: Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of St. Olav
- Poland: Knight of the Order of the White Eagle
- Poland: Grand Cordon of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland
- Portugal: Grand Collar of the Order of Prince Henry
- Portugal: Grand Collar of the Order of Saint James of the Sword
- Romania: Collar of the Order of the Star of Romania
- Saudi Arabia: Collar of the Order of Abdulaziz al Saud
- Slovenia: Golden Order of Freedom of the Republic of Slovenia
- Spain: Lady of the Order of the Golden Fleece
- Spain: Dame Collar of the Order of Charles III
- Sweden: Member of the Order of the Seraphim
- South Africa: Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Good Hope
- Thailand: Dame of the Order of the Royal House of Chakri
- Thailand: Dame of the Order of the Rajamitrabhorn
Symbols of Margrethe II[edit | edit source]
[edit | edit source]
Cadet branch of the House of OldenburgBorn: 16 April 1940
|Queen of Denmark
|Lines of succession|
Countess Kajsa Bernadotte
|Line of succession to the British throne
descended from Arthur, son of Victoria
The Crown Prince of Denmark