| Princess of Asturias
|Leonor de Todos los Santos de Borbón y Ortiz|
|Born|| 31 October 2005 (age 14) |
|Father||Felipe, Prince of Asturias|
|Mother||Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano|
Leonor is first in the line of succession to the Spanish throne. In addition to the official title of Princess of Asturias, she bears the historical titles of Princess of Girona, Princess of Viana, Duchess of Montblanc, Countess of Cervera and Lady of Balaguer. If Leonor ascended the throne, she would be Spain's first queen regnant since Isabella II, who reigned from 1833 to 1868.
Leonor was born at 1:46 am in the Ruber International Clinic in Madrid to then The Prince and Princess of Asturias during the reign of her paternal grandfather Juan Carlos I by means of a caesarean section necessitated by non-progression of labour. Infanta Leonor weighed 3.5 kg (7 lbs. 11 oz.) and was 47 cm (18.5 inches) long. Her birth was announced by the Royal Family to the press via SMS. Leonor left the Ruber Clinic with her parents on 7 November 2005.
The Spanish Royal House confirmed on 25 February 2006 that stem cells from Princess Leonor's umbilical cord have been frozen and stored at a blood bank in Tucson, Arizona. A spokesman said this is "habitual practice" at the clinic where Leonor was born. The stem cells will be frozen for at least 15 years, along with cells from 18,000 other babies around the world. Leonor is not the first royal baby to have her stem cells frozen; Prince Christian of Denmark has had his stem cells frozen as well.
Leonor was baptized in the Zarzuela Palace by the Cardinal Archbishop of Madrid, Antonio Rouco Varela, on 14 January 2006. Like her father in 1968, Leonor was baptized with water from the river Jordan, following the Spanish Royal Family tradition. She was also given the additional names of de Todos los Santos (of All the Saints), a Bourbon tradition. Her godparents were her paternal grandparents, Their Majesties King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofia of Spain.
On 20 May 2015, Leonor received First Communion as per Catholic custom. Unlike other members of the Spanish Royal Family before her, when Infanta Leonor took her first communion, she didn't have the usual televised service and reception for hundreds with the newly-confirmed infanta in a white dress. She took her first communion as a class with the rest of her schoolmates from the Santa María de los Rosales centre in Madrid, all of them dressed in their uniforms.
Infanta Leonor began her education at the daycare for the children of the Spanish Royal Guard. She began her first year of real schooling on 15 September 2008 at the Santa María de los Rosales School in Aravaca, just outside Madrid. Her father is an alumnus of the private school and her younger sister, Sofía, is also enrolled there.
Leonor is fluent in both Spanish and English and has studied Mandarin.
A day before her 10th birthday, she was granted the Order of the Golden Fleece by her father. In addition, the Council of Ministers approved the design of her personal standard and guidon. Coinciding with the 50th birthday of King Felipe, in January 2018, the King officially gave Leonor's the collar of the Golden Fleece.
In September 2018, Leonor conducted her first public engagement outside the palace by accompanying her parents to Covadonga to celebrate the 1,300th anniversary of the Kingdom of Asturias. On 31 October 2018, Princess Leonor gave her first public speech, held at the Instituto Cervantes in Madrid, where she read the first article of the Constitution of Spain. The speech coincided with the 40th anniversary of the constitution and her 13th birthday.
On 18 October 2019 she made her first significant speech at Premio Princesa de Asturias. On 4 November 2019 she made her first speech at Premios Princesa de Girona, in which she spoke in Spanish, Catalan, English and Arabic.
On 18 June 2014, King Juan Carlos signed the instrument of abdication, and the following day at the stroke of midnight (18-19 June 2014) Leonor's father ascended the throne becoming King Felipe VI, and Leonor became his heir presumptive and became the brand new Princess of Asturias.
Spanish monarchy operates under a system of male-preference cognatic primogeniture, meaning that Leonor, as the elder of Felipe's two daughters, is first in line to inherit the throne. Under the current law, however, if her father has a legitimate son while still being king, Leonor would be displaced in the line of succession and again become an infanta. There have been discussions about changing the succession law to absolute primogeniture, allowing for the inheritance of the eldest child, regardless of sex; however, the birth of Leonor, followed by that of her younger sister Sofía, stalled these plans. Despite a change from male-preference to absolute primogeniture for Spanish titles of nobility in 2009, as of 2019 no legislation has been passed affecting the succession to the throne.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 31 October 2005 – 18 June 2014: Her Royal Highness Infanta Leonor of Spain
- 19 June 2014 – present: Her Royal Highness The Princess of Asturias
- in former Crown of Aragon territories: 19 June 2014 – present: Her Royal Highness The Princess of Girona
- in former Kingdom of Navarre territories: 19 June 2014 – present: Her Royal Highness The Princess of Viana
Since her father's ascension, the Princess' full title is: Her Royal Highness Leonor de Todos los Santos de Borbón y Ortiz, Princess of Asturias, Princess of Gerona, Princess of Viana, Duchess of Montblanc, Countess of Cervera and Lady of Balaguer.
As heir presumptive to the throne, she is the nominal chairwoman of the Princess of Asturias Fundationand the Princess of Girona Foundation, although because of her young age those functions are assumed by her father.
|Ancestors of Leonor, Princess of Asturias|
Leonor, Princess of Asturias
Cadet branch of the Capetian dynastyBorn: 31 October 2005
|Lines of succession|
|First in line||Line of succession to the Spanish throne|
| Succeeded by|
|Princess of Asturias, Princess of Viana|
Princess of Girona, Duchess of Montblanc,
Countess of Cervera, Lady of Balaguer
- ↑ Nace la primera hija de los príncipes de Asturias, que se llamará Leonor. El País
- ↑ Letizia Ortiz da a luz una niña. El Mundo
- ↑ Royal baby reignites debate on storing cord blood. The Guardian
- ↑ Princess Leonor of Spain: Facts about the future queen. Hello Magazine
- ↑ Royal christenings around the world. The Telegraph
- ↑ La Infanta Leonor sólo abrió los ojos en su bautizo al recibir el agua del río Jordán. El Mundo
- ↑ La Princesa Leonor, tras su primera comunión: 'Estaba muy nerviosa'. El Mundo
- ↑ Leonor hace la comunión como colegiala, no como princesa. El País
- ↑ 'Low-cost' first communion in school uniform for Princess Leonor. Think Spain
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 10.2 Leonor becomes a crown princess. El País.
- ↑ Princess Leonor preparing for her role as Spain's future queen. Hello Magazine
- ↑ Princess Leonor of Spain's waxwork is unveiled in Madrid. Hello Magazine
- ↑ Real Decreto 978/2015
- ↑ El Rey concede el Toisón de Oro a Leonor por su décimo cumpleaños. El País
- ↑ El Rey Felipe VI concede a la Princesa de Asturias el Toisón de Oro. El Mundo
- ↑ Real Decreto 979/2015
- ↑ King Felipe of Spain gives daughter Princess Leonor same honour as the Queen. HELLO!
- ↑ La princesa Leonor estrena su agenda oficial de viajes en Asturias. El País
- ↑ La princesa Leonor hace su primera lectura pública para conmemorar la Constitución. El País
- ↑ El histórico primer discurso de Leonor en los Premios Princesa de Asturias. Hola!
- ↑ De rojo y con un discreto maquillaje: Leonor brilla en los Premios Princesa de Girona. ABC
- ↑ Leonor sorprende en los Princesa de Girona con su discurso en catalán, inglés y árabe. El Español
- ↑ Spanish constitution (PDF). Congress of Spain
- ↑ Una esperada confirmación. El Mundo
- ↑ LOS 'PROBLEMAS' SI EL PRIMOGÉNITO ES PRIMOGÉNITA: Pendientes de la Constitución hasta saber si será niño o niña. El Mundo
- ↑ Royal baby in waiting sparks row over throne. The Telegraph
- ↑ Spanish nobles rebel over inheritance law. The Guardian
- ↑ Leonor, princesa de Asturias, cumple diez años en la más estricta intimidad familiar. Republica
- ↑ Los primeros Premios Princesa de Asturias no tendrán a su Princesa. HOLA