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Leonor
Princess of Asturias

Full name
Leonor de Todos los Santos de Borbón y Ortiz
Born 31 October 2005 (age 14)
Madrid, Spain
House Bourbon
Father Felipe, Prince of Asturias
Mother Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano
Religion Roman Catholicism
Spanish Royal Family
Coat of Arms of Spanish Monarch.svg

HM The King
HM The Queen


HM King Juan Carlos I
HM Queen Sofía


HRH The Duchess of Badajoz

  • HE Doña Simoneta
  • HE The Viscount de la Torre
  • HE Don Bruno
  • HE Don Luis
  • HE Don Fernando

HRH The Duchess of Soria and Hernani
HE The Duke of Soria and Hernani

  • HE Don Alfonso
  • HE Doña María

HRH The Dowager Duchess of Calabria

v · d · e

Leonor, Princess of Asturias (Leonor de Todos los Santos de Borbón Ortiz; born 31 October 2005) is the first child of Felipe VI of Spain, and his wife Letizia.

Leonor is first in the line of succession to the Spanish throne. In addition to the official title of Princess of Asturias, she bears the historical titles of Princess of Girona, Princess of Viana, Duchess of Montblanc, Countess of Cervera and Lady of Balaguer. If Leonor ascended the throne, she would be Spain's first queen regnant since Isabella II, who reigned from 1833 to 1868.

Early life

Leonor was born at 1:46 am in the Ruber International Clinic in Madrid to then The Prince and Princess of Asturias during the reign of her paternal grandfather Juan Carlos I by means of a caesarean section necessitated by non-progression of labour.[1] Infanta Leonor weighed 3.5 kg (7 lbs. 11 oz.) and was 47 cm (18.5 inches) long. Her birth was announced by the Royal Family to the press via SMS.[2] Leonor left the Ruber Clinic with her parents on 7 November 2005.

The Spanish Royal House confirmed on 25 February 2006 that stem cells from Princess Leonor's umbilical cord have been frozen and stored at a blood bank in Tucson, Arizona.[3] A spokesman said this is "habitual practice" at the clinic where Leonor was born. The stem cells will be frozen for at least 15 years, along with cells from 18,000 other babies around the world. Leonor is not the first royal baby to have her stem cells frozen; Prince Christian of Denmark has had his stem cells frozen as well.

Christening

Leonor was baptized in the Zarzuela Palace by the Cardinal Archbishop of Madrid, Antonio Rouco Varela, on 14 January 2006.[4] Like her father in 1968, Leonor was baptized with water from the river Jordan, following the Spanish Royal Family tradition.[5] She was also given the additional names of de Todos los Santos (of All the Saints), a Bourbon tradition. Her godparents were her paternal grandparents, Their Majesties King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofia of Spain.[6]

First communion

On 20 May 2015, Leonor received First Communion as per Catholic custom.[7][8] Unlike other members of the Spanish Royal Family before her, when Infanta Leonor took her first communion, she didn't have the usual televised service and reception for hundreds with the newly-confirmed infanta in a white dress. She took her first communion as a class with the rest of her schoolmates from the Santa María de los Rosales centre in Madrid, all of them dressed in their uniforms.[9]

Education

Infanta Leonor began her education at the daycare for the children of the Spanish Royal Guard. She began her first year of real schooling on 15 September 2008 at the Santa María de los Rosales School in Aravaca, just outside Madrid. Her father is an alumnus of the private school and her younger sister, Sofía, is also enrolled there.[10]

Leonor is fluent in both Spanish and English and has studied Mandarin.[11]

Official activities

In May 2014, Leonor made her first official visit to the San Javier Air Force base in Murcia.[10] In October 2014, a wax figure of Leonor was unveiled at the Museo de Cera in Madrid.[12]

A day before her 10th birthday, she was granted the Order of the Golden Fleece by her father.[13][14][15] In addition, the Council of Ministers approved the design of her personal standard and guidon.[16] Coinciding with the 50th birthday of King Felipe, in January 2018, the King officially gave Leonor's the collar of the Golden Fleece.[17]

In September 2018, Leonor conducted her first public engagement outside the palace by accompanying her parents to Covadonga to celebrate the 1,300th anniversary of the Kingdom of Asturias.[18] On 31 October 2018, Princess Leonor gave her first public speech, held at the Instituto Cervantes in Madrid, where she read the first article of the Constitution of Spain. The speech coincided with the 40th anniversary of the constitution and her 13th birthday.[19]

On 18 October 2019 she made her first significant speech at Premio Princesa de Asturias.[20] On 4 November 2019 she made her first speech at Premios Princesa de Girona,[21] in which she spoke in Spanish, Catalan, English and Arabic.[22]

Heir apparent

On 18 June 2014, King Juan Carlos signed the instrument of abdication, and the following day at the stroke of midnight (18-19 June 2014) Leonor's father ascended the throne becoming King Felipe VI, and Leonor became his heir presumptive and became the brand new Princess of Asturias.[23]

Spanish monarchy operates under a system of male-preference cognatic primogeniture,[24] meaning that Leonor, as the elder of Felipe's two daughters, is first in line to inherit the throne. Under the current law, however, if her father has a legitimate son while still being king, Leonor would be displaced in the line of succession and again become an infanta.[10] There have been discussions about changing the succession law to absolute primogeniture, allowing for the inheritance of the eldest child, regardless of sex;[25][26] however, the birth of Leonor, followed by that of her younger sister Sofía, stalled these plans. Despite a change from male-preference to absolute primogeniture for Spanish titles of nobility in 2009,[27] as of 2019 no legislation has been passed affecting the succession to the throne.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 31 October 2005 – 18 June 2014: Her Royal Highness Infanta Leonor of Spain
  • 19 June 2014 – present: Her Royal Highness The Princess of Asturias
    • in former Crown of Aragon territories: 19 June 2014 – present: Her Royal Highness The Princess of Girona
    • in former Kingdom of Navarre territories: 19 June 2014 – present: Her Royal Highness The Princess of Viana

Since her father's ascension, the Princess' full title is: Her Royal Highness Leonor de Todos los Santos de Borbón y Ortiz, Princess of Asturias, Princess of Gerona, Princess of Viana, Duchess of Montblanc, Countess of Cervera and Lady of Balaguer.

Honours

As heir presumptive to the throne, she is the nominal chairwoman of the Princess of Asturias Fundationand the Princess of Girona Foundation, although because of her young age those functions are assumed by her father.[28][29]

Ancestry

Ancestors of Leonor, Princess of Asturias
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
16. Alfonso XIII of Spain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8. Infante Juan, Count of Barcelona
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
17. Princess Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. Juan Carlos I of Spain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
18. Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9. Princess Maria Mercedes of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
19. Princess Louise of Orléans
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2. Felipe VI of Spain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
20. Constantine I of Greece
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10. Paul of Greece
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
21. Princess Sophia of Prussia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5. Princess Sophia of Greece and Denmark
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
22. Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11. Princess Frederica of Hanover
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
23. Princess Victoria Louise of Prussia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. Leonor, Princess of Asturias
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
24. José Ortiz Pool
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12. José Luis Ortiz Velasco
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
25. Carmen Velasco Gutiérrez
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6. Jesús José Ortiz Álvarez
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
26. Jesús Álvarez
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13. María del Carmen Álvarez del Valle
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
27. Plácida del Valle Arribas
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3. Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
28. Miguel Rocasolano Cebrián
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14. Francisco Julio Rocasolano Camacho
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
29. María Camacho Rodríguez
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7. María Paloma Rocasolano Rodríguez
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
30. Enrique Rodríguez
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
15. Enriqueta Rodríguez Figueredo
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
31. María Paloma Figueredo
 
 
 
 
 
 

External links

Leonor, Princess of Asturias
Cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty
Born: 31 October 2005
Lines of succession
First in line Line of succession to the Spanish throne
1st position
Succeeded by
Infanta Sofía
Spanish royalty
Preceded by
Felipe
Princess of Asturias, Princess of Viana
Princess of Girona, Duchess of Montblanc,
Countess of Cervera, Lady of Balaguer

2014-present
Incumbent

References

  1. Nace la primera hija de los príncipes de Asturias, que se llamará Leonor. El País
  2. Letizia Ortiz da a luz una niña. El Mundo
  3. Royal baby reignites debate on storing cord blood. The Guardian
  4. Princess Leonor of Spain: Facts about the future queen. Hello Magazine
  5. Royal christenings around the world. The Telegraph
  6. La Infanta Leonor sólo abrió los ojos en su bautizo al recibir el agua del río Jordán. El Mundo
  7. La Princesa Leonor, tras su primera comunión: 'Estaba muy nerviosa'. El Mundo
  8. Leonor hace la comunión como colegiala, no como princesa. El País
  9. 'Low-cost' first communion in school uniform for Princess Leonor. Think Spain
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Leonor becomes a crown princess. El País.
  11. Princess Leonor preparing for her role as Spain's future queen. Hello Magazine
  12. Princess Leonor of Spain's waxwork is unveiled in Madrid. Hello Magazine
  13. Real Decreto 978/2015
  14. El Rey concede el Toisón de Oro a Leonor por su décimo cumpleaños. El País
  15. El Rey Felipe VI concede a la Princesa de Asturias el Toisón de Oro. El Mundo
  16. Real Decreto 979/2015
  17. King Felipe of Spain gives daughter Princess Leonor same honour as the Queen. HELLO!
  18. La princesa Leonor estrena su agenda oficial de viajes en Asturias. El País
  19. La princesa Leonor hace su primera lectura pública para conmemorar la Constitución. El País
  20. El histórico primer discurso de Leonor en los Premios Princesa de Asturias. Hola!
  21. De rojo y con un discreto maquillaje: Leonor brilla en los Premios Princesa de Girona. ABC
  22. Leonor sorprende en los Princesa de Girona con su discurso en catalán, inglés y árabe. El Español
  23. Spanish constitution (PDF). Congress of Spain
  24. Una esperada confirmación. El Mundo
  25. LOS 'PROBLEMAS' SI EL PRIMOGÉNITO ES PRIMOGÉNITA: Pendientes de la Constitución hasta saber si será niño o niña. El Mundo
  26. Royal baby in waiting sparks row over throne. The Telegraph
  27. Spanish nobles rebel over inheritance law. The Guardian
  28. Leonor, princesa de Asturias, cumple diez años en la más estricta intimidad familiar. Republica
  29. Los primeros Premios Princesa de Asturias no tendrán a su Princesa. HOLA
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