| Crown Prince of Norway
|Born|| 20 July 1973 (age 46) |
Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway
|Spouse||Mette-Marit Tjessem Høiby (m. 2001)|
| Princess Ingrid Alexandra|
Prince Sverre Magnus
|Father||Harald V of Norway|
|Religion||Church of Norway|
*Member of the Norwegian Royal House
Haakon, Crown Prince of Norway (Norwegian pronunciation: hoː.kɔn; Haakon Magnus; born 20 July 1973) is the only son of King Harald V and Queen Sonja, and the heir apparent to the throne of Norway. Upon becoming king, he will be known as Haakon VIII of Norway.
In 2001, Haakon married Mette-Marit Tjessem Høiby with whom he has two children. He has an older sister, Princess Märtha Louise. In accordance with Norway's agnatic primogeniture succession, Haakon became crown prince when his father ascended the throne in 1991.
Early life and familyEdit
Haakon was born at 2:14 pm 20 July 1973 at The National Hospital in Gaustad, Oslo, the only son and younger child of Crown Prince Harald and Crown Princess Sonja. His father was the son of the reigning Norwegian monarch, King Olav V. At birth he was named Haakon Magnus, and it was stressed in the announcement that he would go by the name Haakon.
He was named in honor of his paternal great-grandfather, King Haakon VII, six other Norwegian kings of the same name and his maternal uncle Haakon Haraldsen. When Haakon was 18, his grandfather Olav died, leading to the ascension of his father as King Harald V and himself as crown prince.
Haakon has one sibling, Princess Märtha Louise (born 1971). In 1990, the Norwegian constitution was altered, granting absolute primogeniture to the Norwegian throne, meaning that the eldest child, regardless of gender, takes precedence in the line of succession. This was not, however, done retroactively (as, for example, Sweden had done in 1980), meaning that Haakon continues to take precedence over his older sister. He is also in the line of succession to the British throne, albeit highly removed, as a great-great-grandson of Edward VII.
Haakon's godparents are King Olav V of Norway (his paternal grandfather), Princess Astrid of Norway (his paternal aunt), Prince Carl Bernadotte (his paternal great-uncle), King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden (his paternal grandfather), Queen Margrethe II of Denmark (his father’s paternal second cousin) and Princess Anne, The Princess Royal.
Education and militaryEdit
Haakon served in the Royal Norwegian Navy undertaking his first-level officer's education at the Norwegian Naval Academy, followed by a year aboard missile torpedo boats and other vessels. He then went abroad, receiving a Bachelor of Arts degree in political science from the University of California, Berkeley in 1999. Haakon later attended lectures at the University of Oslo and took the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs' civil servant introductory course in 2001. He completed his education in 2003 at the London School of Economics, where he was awarded an MSc in development studies, specialising in international trade and Africa.
As of 15 November 2013, in the Royal Norwegian Navy his officer rank is Admiral, and in the Norwegian Army and the Royal Norwegian Air Forcehis rank is General.
On 1 December 2000, the Royal Court announced the engagement between Crown Prince Haakon and Mette-Marit Tjessem Høiby. When the engagement was announced, many Norwegians felt that the Crown Prince’s choice of wife was inappropriate. This was primarily about her being a single mother, but information concerning her involvement in the Rave scene in Oslo, which included a significant drug-subculture, also added to the controversy. In addition, the father of her child was convicted of drug-related offences. In a heartfelt press conference before the wedding the Crown Princess explained about her past, saying among other things that her youthful rebelliousness might have been stronger than most young people.
Although some still find her inappropriate as a future leader of the country, the issue of Mette-Marit's past has largely been laid to rest in Norwegian public discourse.
Haakon and Mette-Marit spent their honeymoon in the United States and were in the USA on September 11, 2001, when a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks with airplanes by Islamic terrorists occurred. The couple had left for the United States shortly after their wedding but fortunately were not in New York City at the time of the attacks on the World Trade Center.
The Skaugum Estate, situated in the area of Semsvannet, is the official residence of the Crown Prince and Crown Princess.
Haakon and Mette-Marit have two children:
- Her Royal Highness Princess Ingrid Alexandra born on 21 January 2004, in Oslo.
- His Highness Prince Sverre Magnus born 3 December 2005 in Oslo.
Haakon is also the stepfather to Mette-Marit's son Marius Borg Høiby (born 13 January 1997).
Beginning Tuesday afternoon 25 November 2003, and ending in the evening of 12 April 2004, Haakon was the country's regent, during the King's treatment for cancer and the subsequent convalescence period. Likewise, Haakon was Norway's regent from 29 March 2005 until the King had fully recovered from the heart surgery he underwent on 1 April. This period ended on 7 June.
The Crown Prince and Crown Princess' Humanitarian Fund was established in 2001 in connection with the wedding of the Crown Prince and Crown Princess. The couple announced that they wished for donations to the fund as wedding gifts. The fund allocates funds to humanitarian projects in Norway and abroad. In Norway the fund mainly focuses on projects aimed at improving conditions for children and young people. Abroad, the fund mainly focuses on projects related to health and education.
In 2006, Haakon established Global Dignity with Pekka Himanen and John Hope Bryant. Global Dignity is an independent, non-political organization that promotes the universal right of every human being to lead a dignified life.
Personal interests Edit
The Crown Prince was involved in several sports and seemed to take a particular liking to windsurfing. However, he has not engaged in serious competitions. Haakon is known as a big music fan. When he was younger, he attended music festivals all over Europe, including the Roskilde Festival in Denmark and the Quart Festival in Kristiansand, Norway.
He has also been part of Olympics ceremonies. In 1994, the Crown Prince and his father played roles during the opening ceremony in Lillehammer. While the King declared open the Games, the Crown Prince lit the cauldron, paying tribute to his father and grandfather having served as Olympians. He attended the opening ceremony in Vancouver.
He accompanied the band Katzenjammer in their recording of the song "Vi tenner våre lykter" (for the 2011 Christmas-themed album of the same name). Proceeds benefited "Their Royal Highnesses The Crown Prince and Crown Princess funds."
Crown Prince Haakon is the patron of:
- 4H Norge – Norwegian 4H Organisation
- ANSA - Association of Norwegian Students Abroad
- The Arctic Opera and Philharmonic Orchestra
- The Christian Radich Sail Training Foundation
- The Ibsen Stage Festival
- Nordland Music Festival
- The Northern Light Festival
- The Norwegian Air Ambulance Foundation
- The Norwegian Asthma and Allergy Association (NAAF)
- The Norwegian Band Federation
- The Norwegian Festival of International Literature
- The Norwegian International Film Festival
- The Norwegian Refugee Council
- Stavanger Symphony Orchestra
- Ultima Oslo Contemporary Music Festival
Titles, styles, honours and awards Edit
Titles and styles Edit
- 20 July 1973 - 17 January 1991: His Royal Highness Prince Haakon of Norway
- 17 January 1991 – present: His Royal Highness The Crown Prince of Norway
- Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Saint Olav
- Knight Grand Cross of Order of Merit
- Defence Service Medal with Laurel Branch
- Royal House Centennial Medal
- Olav V's Commemorative Medal
- Olav V's Jubilee Medal
- Olav V's Centenary Medal
- King Harald V's Jubilee Medal 1991-2016
- Royal Norwegian Navy Service Medal
- Norwegian Reserve Officers' Association Badge of Honour
- Naval Society Medal of Merit in gold
- Oslo Military Society Badge of Honour in Gold
- Austria: Grand Star of the Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria
- Brazil: Grand Cross of the Order of the Southern Cross
- Bulgaria: Grand Cross of the Order of Stara Planina
- Denmark: Knight of Order of the Elephant (20 July 1991)
- Estonia: Grand Cross of Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana (10 April 2002)
- Estonia: Member 1st Class of Order of the White Star
- Finland: Commander Grand Cross of the Order of the White Rose
- Germany: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit
- Italy: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
- Japan: Grand Cordon of the Order of the Chrysanthemum
- Jordan: Grand Cordon of the Order of the Renaissance (Order of Al-Nahda)
- Latvia: Grand Cross of the Order of the Three Stars
- Latvia: Grand Cross of the Order of Recognition
- Lithuania: Grand Cross of the Order of Vytautas the Great
- Luxembourg: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Adolph of Nassau
- Netherlands: Knight Grand Cross with Swords of the Order of Orange-Nassau
- Netherlands: HM King Willem-Alexander Investiture Medal
- Poland: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland
- Portugal: Grand Cross of the Order of Infante Henry
- Spain: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Charles III
- Sweden: Knight of the Order of the Seraphim
- 14 August Committee's Bridge Building Prize 2011
- Olympic Games: Lighter of the Olympic Cauldron; 1994 Winter Olympics in Lillehammer, opened by his father, King Harald V.
- A horse race bears his name, Kronprins Haakons Pokalløp. It is held every year in June, at Drammen Travpark.
- A research vessel, the RV Kronprins Haakon, is named after him. In November 2018, his daughter christened it in its home port of Tromsø.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 Da Haakon ble født. Dagbladet
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 Norwegian Royal Christenings. Unofficial royalty
- ↑ Prins Haakon Magnus dåp på Slottet. Scanpix
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Fra dåpen av prins Haakon Magnus i Slottskapellet. Scanpix
- ↑ List of godchildren of members of the British Royal Family. Gutenberg
- ↑ Crown Prince Breaks Tradition at Berkeley. SFGate
- ↑ Hans Kongelige Høyhet Kronprinsen utnevnes til admiral og general. Ministry of Defence
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 8.2 Princess Mette-Marit - Biography. Hello!
- ↑ Crown Prince, and Crown Princess Mette-Marit Haakon. Encyclopedia Britannica
- ↑ Norwegian Crown Prince Haakon (R) walks with his best man Prince Fredrick of Denmark. Getty Images
- ↑ Wedding of Crown Prince Haakon of Norway and Mette-Marit Tjessem Høiby. Unofficial Royalty
- ↑ Skaugum Estate. Royal Court of Norway
- ↑ Katzenjammer - Vi tenner våre lykter. Youtube
- ↑ Organisations under the patronage of The Crown Prince. The Royal Court
- ↑ 15.00 15.01 15.02 15.03 15.04 15.05 15.06 15.07 15.08 15.09 15.10 15.11 15.12 15.13 15.14 15.15 15.16 15.17 15.18 15.19 15.20 15.21 15.22 15.23 15.24 15.25 15.26 15.27 15.28 15.29 15.30 The Decorations of HRH The Crown Prince. Royal Court of Norway
- ↑ Reply to a parliamentary question about the Decoration of Honour. PDF
- ↑ Estonian State Decorations - Kroonprints Haakon. Official website of the President of Estonia
- ↑ Dîner en l’honneur du président de Finlande au palais royal d’Oslo. Noblesse et Royautés
- ↑ Crown Prince wins Pakistani prize. News in English
- ↑ The Princess christened the Kronprins Haakon. Royal Court of Norway